Transport infrastructure and services are an important in the whole process of development and poverty reduction. Their effectiveness, appropriateness and adequacy contribute a lot to the successful implementation of socio-economic activities. The impact of having an adequate transport infrastructure and services is lowering of domestic production cost through timely delivery of goods or services, enhancing economies of scale in the production process, and creating economic opportunities. The economic opportunities include ease of market access; strengthening of competition; promotion of trade, tourism and foreign investment; contribution to government revenue, and generation of a large number of employment opportunities through industrialization and agricultural production.

Despite the deliberate efforts being made by the Government and other stakeholders on improving road, railway and air transport, we have not succeeded very much in providing adequate means of transport to all needy parts of the economy leave alone the quality of services itself. For instance, in many rural areas where the majority of people live, there is still lack of good road network and thus continue to limit creation of new opportunities for markets of both agricultural and industrial products; in employment in industries, offices and trade; and in trade undertakings. Rail, marine and air transport networks also need to be developed, expanded, improved and maintained if they are to live up to the expectations of the people. Air transport needs to be able to meet the tourism demands as well as the demands of highly perishable goods like flowers to reach the overseas markets in time.

Efforts have been made with a view of achieving among others, the National Vision 2025, Ruling Party Election Manifesto (2015), the Tanzania Five Year Development Plan (FYDP) Phase II, Tanzania Assistance Strategy (TAS), Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the National Transport Policy (NTP) and other national policies and guidelines. Policy directions need to be achieved through a well structured plan that outlines steps to be undertaken by the sector in order to achieve its aspirations.

In view of this facts, the Ministry (Transport Sector) like other Ministries, embarked on developing its Strategic Plan (SP) to chart out how responsibilities of the Ministry and National Plans like the FYDPII will be implemented in the next five years starting from FY 2016/2017 to 2020/2021. Considering the importance of good and reliable transport infrastructure and services, the sector through this Strategic Plan outlines its commitment to ensuring that reasonably priced and well regulated transport services are available to satisfy business demand in terms of quantity, quality, safety and scope of services to support socio-economic development of our country.

To achieve this end, we want to assure the public the Ministry (Transport Sector) will implement its Strategic Plan taking into consideration various factors including continuous changes occurring in both the external and internal environment of the sector. There is need also to continuously align the Strategic Plan with other national and international policies and plans, and continuously listen to its customers on their ever changing requirements. The Ministry (Transport Sector) is committed to continuously monitor and evaluate the implementation of this Plan with a view of ensuring the public gets improved services and better enabling environment to attract more private capital investments into the sector. This Plan is also an indication of the Sector’s commitment to continue implementing Performance Management Systems (PMS) installed in the Government Ministries and Departments.

We also take this opportunity to assure stakeholders at large that this Strategic Plan document is dynamic and will be updated periodically to accommodate changes that are likely to happen in the course of implementing it. We call for their support to ensure that all what has been planned in this SP document is successful.